Ladies, the premenstrual dysphoric disorder is real and can make your life way more miserable than a regular PMS can ever do.
Craving for chocolate? It must be PMS. Angry because someone didn’t turn up on time as promised? Stop PMSing, girl. Having issues with a toxic boyfriend? It’s just the PMS bringing out your nagging side.
Come on, we’ve all been on the receiving and the giving end of such statements. In fact, we often the terrible PMS symptoms like headaches, nausea, excruciating stomach cramps, dip in the mood, fatigue, and what not very lightly.
But, as much as you need to start taking PMS seriously, you’ve also got to consider that you might be suffering from the serious Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD).
Is it just PMS?
“As compared to PMS, the effects of PMDD are more intense. The psychological and physical effects of PMDD can disturb the personal and professional life of a woman if not attended to effectively,” Deshpande warns.
The symptoms of period pain while you PMS does bring in gruesome damage to our body and life yet the PMS pain often subsides with adding specific foods and exercise in our lifestyle.
“PMDD is a severe form of PMS that includes physical and behavioural symptoms that occur before the initiation of menstrual bleeding,” explains Dr Gayatri Deshpande, senior consultant, obstetrics and gynaecology department, Nanavati Super Speciality Hospital, Mumbai.
But why does this evil strike you?
We all know how throughout the menstrual cycle, your body undergoes a natural rise and fall in the levels of the hormones, mainly estrogen and progesterone. This can have an effect on other hormones, especially serotonin, which plays a vital role in regulating your mood.
“Research points out that people with PMDD undergo genetic changes that make their cells overtly sensitive to these hormonal fluctuations. It is the resulting overreaction that may be responsible for PMDD symptoms,” explains Dr Swati Mittal, senior consultant, obstetrics and gynaecology, Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurugram.
Quiz time: Is it crazy PMS symptom or something else? Take this quiz to find out
So, are you suffering from Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder?
Just like any other disorder in the body, Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder has certain telling symptoms too. Take a look:
- Physical Symptoms
According to Dr Mittal, the following physical symptoms maybe your body’s cry for help against PMDD:
AcneBack painBloatingBreast swelling and tendernessGastrointestinal issues, including constipation, diarrhoea, nausea, or vomitingStomach crampsDizziness, headacheHeart palpitationsAppetite changesJoint or muscle painMuscle spasmsPainful periodsReduced sex drive
- Behavioural symptoms
Agitation or nervousnessAngerDepressionCrying spellsFeeling out of controlForgetfulnessLoss of interest in activities and relationshipsIrritabilityMoodinessPanic attacks/paranoiaSadnessThoughts of suicide
Here’s what you can do to fight PMDD
“Exercising regularly and consuming a healthy diet including high fibre fruits and vegetable can ease off the symptoms of PMDD to a certain extent,” she says.
PMS vs PMDDIt’s time to chomp on a high fibre diet to beat PMDD to the curb. Image courtesy: Shutterstock
“Mind relaxation techniques and practising yoga can offer significant pain relief too,” she adds.
It’s time to visit your doctor!
Unfortunately, the symptoms of PMDD are so intense that you might not be able to handle the trauma yourself. A visit to the doctor can lead to an informed diagnosis and treatment in the form of hormonal pills, anti-depressants, and dietary supplements like folic acid, calcium, and vitamins for better results.